Timeline of 20th Century Events

January 1st, 1900

~ This timeline presents a selection of meme events of the 20th Century.

A Teppline version of this 20th Century information can be found here.  The Teppline includes location information that is not included in the timeline format.  More information about Tepplines and the Tepp System for the presentation of information is here.

Donald Clayton may be reached at: @CityofNikko on Twitter.

____________________________________________________________________________

Timeline of 20th Century Events

1900 – 1999

____________________________________________________________________________
QalaBist.com Post #2456 – Original presentation: August 13, 2015, Current version: August 14, 2015

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1900

____________________________________________________________________________
September
____________________________________________________________________________
1900.09.08 / Saturday

GALVESTON HURRICANE

The Galveston Hurricane of 1900, a Category 4 hurricane with winds estimated to be 135 miles per hour, comes ashore at Galveston, Texas on September 8, 1900.  The death toll is estimated to be between 6,000 and 12,000 people dead.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1901

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1902

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1903

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1903.12.17 / Thursday

WRIGHT BROTHERS FIRST FLIGHTS 

The Wright Brothers make four flights, two solo flights each, in a motorized aircraft taking off from level ground into a headwind gusting to as much as 27 miles per hour on December 17, 1903.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1904

____________________________________________________________________________
May
____________________________________________________________________________
1904.05.04 / Wednesday

CONSTRUCTION OF THE PANAMA CANAL

The United States of America officially takes control of the French interests in the Panama Canal.  Construction on the canal soon resumes, but now in the newly created Panama Canal Zone, in the newly created nation of Panama.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1905

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1906

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1906.04.18 / Wednesday

SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE

On April 18, 1906, an earthquake registering approximately 7.9 on the Richter Scale rocks northern California, leading to the destruction of much of the City of San Francisco.  In one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the U.S. the death toll exceeds 3,000.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1907

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1908

____________________________________________________________________________
October
____________________________________________________________________________
1908.10.01 / Thursday

FIRST FORD MODEL ‘T’

Henry Ford Event

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1909

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1910

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1911

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1912

____________________________________________________________________________
March
____________________________________________________________________________
1912.03.27 / Wednesday

JAPAN CHERRY TREES PRESENTATION

To commemorate the friendship between the United States and Japan a gift is made by Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo City to the City of Washington of Japanese cherry trees on March 27, 1912.

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1912.04.15 / Monday

SINKING OF THE TITANIC

• The RMS Titanic, the largest passenger steamship in the world, sinks after skimming an iceberg on her maiden voyage to New York City at 2:20 A.M. on April 15, 1912.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1913

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1913.12.23 / Tuesday

CREATION OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE

A private bank with the power to print all United States currency is created on the night before the day before Christmas on December 23, 1913.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1914

____________________________________________________________________________
June
____________________________________________________________________________
1914.06.28 / Sunday

ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FERDINAND

• On June 28, 1914, [Archduke] Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, [Duchess] of Hohenberg, are shot dead in Sarajevo, Serbia by Gavrilo Princip.

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1914.08.15 / Saturday

PANAMA CANAL OPENS

• The Panama Canal officially opens on August 15, 1914.  The Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Diego and San Francisco, California celebrate the event.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1915

____________________________________________________________________________
February
____________________________________________________________________________
1915.02.08 / Sunday

SILENT FILM ‘BIRTH OF A NATION’ RELEASED

The first silent film to be very successful portrays the Klu Klux Klan in a Hollywood film released on February 8, 1915.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1916

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1917

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1917.04.06 / Friday

U.S. ENTERS WORLD WAR I

  The United States of America declares war on the German Empire on April 6, 1917.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1918

____________________________________________________________________________
March
____________________________________________________________________________
1918.03.04 / Monday

WORLD FLU PANDEMIC

The 1918 Flu Pandemic origins are lightly reported in various world locations in January of 1918.  On March 4, 1918, 100 United States Army soldiers at Fort Riley, Kansas become sick.

____________________________________________________________________________
November
____________________________________________________________________________
1918.11.11 / Monday

ARMISTICE ENDS WORLD WAR I

• By the time of the armistice of November 11, 1918, 16 million people have died and 21 million more have been wounded in the carnage caused by World War I.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1919

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1920

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1921

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1922

____________________________________________________________________________
May
____________________________________________________________________________
1922.05.30 / Tuesday

LINCOLN MEMORIAL OPENS

The Lincoln Memorial is officially dedicated by [Chief Justice of the United States] William H. Taft on May 5, 1922.

____________________________________________________________________________
October
____________________________________________________________________________
1922.10.22 / Sunday

MARCH ON ROME

• The week long march to Rome begins on October 22, 1922.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1923

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1924

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1925

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1926

____________________________________________________________________________
June
____________________________________________________________________________
1926.06.11 / Friday

TRI-MOTOR ERA OF FLIGHT BEGINS

• The first Ford Tri-Motor, the (‘Tin Goose’), in production since 1925, makes its first flight on June 11, 1926.  Companies owned by Henry Ford will produce 199 Trimotors between 1925 and June 7, 1933 for use in the civil aviation market throughout the world.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1927

____________________________________________________________________________
May
____________________________________________________________________________
1927.05.20 / Friday

LINDBERGH SOLO FLIGHT ACROSS THE ATLANTIC

• Charles Lindberg takes off on a solo flight to Paris, leaving from Roosevelt Field on Long Island, on May 20, 1927.  He arrives in Paris 33 hours later, on May 22, 1927.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1928

____________________________________________________________________________
November
____________________________________________________________________________
1928.11.11 / Sunday

CLEAR CHANNEL 50,000 WATT RADIO BEGINS

• The U.S. Federal Radio Commission implements General Order 40 on November 11, 1928, which classifies each allocation in the AM band as either Local, Regional or Clear.  Gradually maximum power of broadcast signals increases from 1,000 watts (or less) to 50,000 watt ‘super stations’.

____________________________________________________________________________
1928.11.18 / Sunday

ANIMATED FILM ‘STEAMBOAT WILLIE’ RELEASED

Walt Disney releases his first successful animated cartoon, launching the career of Mickey Mouse, on November 18, 1928.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1929

____________________________________________________________________________
October
____________________________________________________________________________
1929.10.24 / Tuesday

1929 STOCK MARKET CRASH

On ‘Black Tuesday’ trading at the New York Stock Exchange sustain considerable losses in heavy trading.  This day, October 24, 1929, marks the beginning of the Great Depression in public perception.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1930

____________________________________________________________________________
March
____________________________________________________________________________
1930.03.17 / Monday

EMPIRE STATE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION BEGINS

Event

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1931

____________________________________________________________________________
October
____________________________________________________________________________
1931.10.17 / Saturday

AL CAPONE CONVICTED OF INCOME TAX EVASION

· The darling of Chicago, Mr. Al Capone, an Italian-American, with considerable business interests, is found by a jury to not have properly paid his Federal income taxes.  He is sentenced to serve a term at Alcatraz Island in San Francisco, California.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1932

____________________________________________________________________________
July
____________________________________________________________________________
1932.07.30 / Saturday

1932 LOS ANGELES SUMMER OLYMPICS

The 1932 summer Olympics are held in the Olympic Stadium, seating capacity of 105,000, in Los Angeles, California opening on July 30, 1932.  Many people, nations, and athletes are unable to pay for the trip to Los Angeles.  The stadium is now known as the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1932.08.18 / Thursday

XER-AM ‘BORDER BLASTER’ RADIO

XER-AM is a new radio station owned and operated by [‘Doctor’] John R. Brinkley operating out of a location in Mexico, just across the bridge from Del Rio, Texas.   Initially it is a 50,000 watt ‘super station’, by December of 1932 it is a 1 million watt station, by far the most powerful radio station in the world.

On a clear night, XER-AM could be heard as far away as Canada, the signal was so strong that it turned on car headlights, made bedsprings hum, and caused broadcasts to bleed into telephone conversations.  Local residents didn’t even need a radio to hear the station; ranchers received it through their metal fences and in their dental appliances.

____________________________________________________________________________
November

____________________________________________________________________________
1932.11.06 / Sunday

ADOLPH HITLER AND HIS POLITICAL PARTY WIN 1932 ELECTIONS

  The German parliamentary election is held on November 6, 1932.  Voting results in the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) receiving 33% of all votes, 13% greater than the total votes cast for the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and 16% greater than the votes cast for the Communist Party (KPD).

____________________________________________________________________________
1932.11.08 / Tuesday

FDR ELECTION LANDSLIDE IN 1932 U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

Event

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1933

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1934

____________________________________________________________________________
May
____________________________________________________________________________
1934.05.23 / Wednesday

BONNIE AND CLYDE DIE ON A LOUISIANA ROADSIDE

Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker’s stolen V8 Ford automobile is ambushed on May 23, 1934, on a rural road in Bienville Parish, Louisiana.  Bonnie and Clyde are killed, shot more than fifty times with automatic weapons fire, and then with shotguns.  Four Texas law officers  and two Louisiana law officers are credited with the murders.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1935

____________________________________________________________________________
March
____________________________________________________________________________
1935.03.28 / Thursday

FILM ‘TRIUMPH OF THE WILL’ RELEASED

Event

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1935.12.17 / Tuesday

FIRST FLIGHT OF A DC-3

• Event

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1936

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1936.08.01 / Saturday

1936 BERLIN SUMMER OLYMPICS

In a new 100,000-seat track and field stadium the Games of the XI Olympiad open on August 1, 1936.  The games are the first to be televised, and live radio broadcasts reach 41 countries.  The film about the event,’Olympia’, costs $7 million to produce.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1937

____________________________________________________________________________
May
____________________________________________________________________________
1937.05.06 / Thursday

HINDENBERG DISASTER

• The dirigible LZ 129 Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed while docking at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station near Lakehurst, New Jersey on May 6, 1937.  There are 97 people on board, including passengers and crew.  Thirty-five (35) people aboard die.  One person on the ground is also killed.

____________________________________________________________________________
1937.05.27 / Thursday

GOLDEN GATE BRIDGE OPENS

The Golden Gate Bridge, the world’s longest suspension bridge, bridge-opening celebration began on May 27, 1937 and lasted for one week.  The day before vehicle traffic was allowed, 200,000 people crossed the span on foot, but a few wore roller skates.  Mayor Angelo Rossi and other officials rode a ferryboat to Sausalito, then crossed the bridge in a motorcade.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1938

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1938.04.18 / Monday

FIRST SUPERMAN COMIC BOOK

Event

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1939

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1939.04.30 / Sunday

1939 NEW YORK WORLD’S FAIR OPENS

• The 1939 New York World’s Fair has its grand opening on a very hot Sunday, April 30, 1939.  206,000 people visit the fair on opening day.

____________________________________________________________________________
September
____________________________________________________________________________
1939.09.01 / Friday

WORLD WAR II BEGINS IN EUROPE

World War II begins at 4:45 a.m. as the German Air Force (Wehrmacht Luftwaffe) attacks targets in Poland, including Kraków, Łódź, and Warsaw.  At 5:50 a.m. the German Battleship Schleswig-Holstein opens fire on the Polish Military Transit Depot on the peninsula of Westerplatte, near Danzig (now Gdańsk), Poland.  At 8:00 a.m. troops of the German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) launch an attack near the Polish town of Mokra.

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1939.12.15 / Friday

FILM ‘GONE WITH THE WIND’ RELEASED

MGM production of the book by the same name, released on December 15, 1939.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1940

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1941

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1941.12.07 / Sunday

JAPANESE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR

• The Empire of Japan attacks a number of United States military installations which have been built in the U.S. Territory of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean on December 7, 1941.  The attack will be characterized by [US President] Franklin D. Roosevelt as, “a day of infamy.”

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1942

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1942.08.09 / Sunday

FILM ‘BAMBI’ OPENS IN LONDON

• The Walt Disney animated, feature length, movie about a deer in the forest opens with a world premier in London, England.  The movie is based on the book Bambi, A Life in the Woods by exiled Austrian Jew Felix Salten.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1943

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1944

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1945

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1945.04.12 / Thursday

U.S. PRESIDENT FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT DIES

On the afternoon of April 12, 1945, in Warm Springs, Georgia, Roosevelt states, “I have a terrific pain in the back of my head.”  He slumps forward in his chair, unconscious, and is carried to his bedroom.  At 3:35 p.m. Roosevelt dies.

____________________________________________________________________________
1945.04.30 / Monday

GERMAN CHANCELLOR ADOLF HITLER DIES

[Chancellor of Germany] Adolph Hitler dies in a German government bomb shelter on April 30, 1945.  The time, date, and circumstances of his death remain uncertain, but the most frequent report is that he died (on this date) by way of a self-inflicted gunshot with a 32 caliber Walther PPK pistol.  The weapon is never found.

____________________________________________________________________________
July
____________________________________________________________________________
1945.07.13 / day

TRINITY ATOMIC BOMB DETONATION

‘Trinity’ is the code name for the first detonation of a nuclear weapon.  Originally scheduled for July 4, 1945, the first atomic weapon is detonated by scientists under the direction of the United States Army on July 16, 1945, at the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range in the Jornada del Muerto desert in New Mexico.  Of the 425 people officially allowed to be present for the test / demonstration, not one is a woman.

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1945.08.07 / Tuesday

AMERICAN ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA

Hiroshima, Japan is the first city in history to be destroyed by an atomic bomb (nuclear weapon) when the B-29 Enola Gay of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) drops an atomic device on the city at 8:15 A.M. on August 6, 1945.

____________________________________________________________________________
1945.08.09 / Thursday

AMERICAN ATOMIC BOMBING OF NAGASAKI

An atomic bomb code-named ‘Fat Man’ is dropped on the City of Nagasaki by a B-29 belonging to the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) on August 9, 1945.  Between 39,000 and 80,000 human beings, mostly civilian residents, of the City of Nagasaki, Japan die.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1946

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1947

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1947.04.16 / day

TEXAS CITY EXPLOSION

Event

____________________________________________________________________________
July

____________________________________________________________________________
1947.07.08 / Tuesday

ROSWELL FLYING SAUCER REPORTED

The Roswell Daily Record newspaper reports on July 8, 1947, that the Roswell Army Airfield (RAAF) has captured a flying disc.

____________________________________________________________________________
1947.07.26 / Saturday

NATIONAL SECURITY ACT SIGNED

Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act into law on July 26, 1947, aloft aboard the Presidential Aircraft.  The majority of the provisions of the Act take effect on September 18, 1947, the day after the Senate confirms James Forrestal as the first [Secretary of Defense].  Full text.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1948

____________________________________________________________________________
November

____________________________________________________________________________
1948.11.02 / Tuesday

TRUMAN BEATS DEWEY IN 41st U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

The 41st quadrennial presidential election is held on Tuesday, November 2, 1948. Incumbent [US President] Harry S. Truman, the Democratic nominee, who had succeeded to the presidency after the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, defeats Thomas E. Dewey, the Republican nominee.

____________________________________________________________________________
1948.11.07 / Sunday

TRUMAN WHITE HOUSE RECONSTRUCTION

The Executive Mansion of the United States of America is vacated on November 7, 1948, in order to ensure the safety of the first family and to make it possible to plan and execute a complete rebuilding of The White House.

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1948.12.31 / day

FIRST PRODUCTION MIG-15 FLIES

·  The first production MiG-15 flies on the last day of December, December 31, 1948.  The MiG-15 is believed to be one of the most widely produced jet aircraft ever made; in excess of 12,000 were manufactured, licensed foreign production raised the total to over 18,000.  On November 30, 1950, using licensed Rolls Royce engines the first MiG-15 seen in the Korean War struck an American B-29 Superfortress with cannon fire from, “an aircraft that flashed by so fast, the gunners had no chance to return fire.”

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1949

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1950

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1951

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1952

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1953

____________________________________________________________________________
March

____________________________________________________________________________
1953.03.05 / Thursday

PREMIER OF THE SOVIET UNION JOSEPH STALIN DIES

Joseph Stalin was one of the seven members of the first Politburo, founded in 1917 in order to manage the Bolshevik Revolution.  Other Politburo members were Lenin, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Trotsky, Sokolnikov and Bubnov.  Stalin was appointed General Secretary of the party’s Central Committee in 1922.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1954

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1955

____________________________________________________________________________
July
____________________________________________________________________________
1955.07.17 / day

DISNEYLAND OPENS IN ANAHEIM

• Walt Disney officially opens Disneyland, a ‘not an amusement park, amusement park’ to several thousand specially invited guests on July 17, 1955.  The event is televised in a five hour long live television production, with Art Linkletter as the host.  The public is allowed in the following day, July 18, 1955.

____________________________________________________________________________
October
____________________________________________________________________________
1955.10.03 / Monday

THE MICKEY MOUSE CLUB TELEVISION SHOW BEGINS

 The original version of the Mickey Mouse Club television series premiers on the ABC Television Network on Monday, October 3, 1955.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1956

____________________________________________________________________________
June
____________________________________________________________________________
1956.07.17 / Saturday

MID-AIR COLLISION OVER GRAND CANYON

A mid-air collision occurs on Saturday, June 30, 1956 at 10:30 a.m. Pacific Standard Time as a United Airlines Douglas DC-7 strikes a Trans World Airlines Lockheed Super Constellation over the Grand Canyon area of Grand Canyon National Park.  Both airliners crash, all 128 on board both flights die.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1957

____________________________________________________________________________
October
____________________________________________________________________________
1957.10.04 / Friday

THE LAUNCH OF SPUTNIK

• History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launchs Sputnik I from Site No.1, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR.  The world’s first artificial satellite is about the size of a beach ball (22.8 inches in diameter) and weighs 183.9 pounds.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1958

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1959

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1960

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1961

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1961.08.13 / day

BERLIN WALL CONSTRUCTION BEGINS

Construction of the Berlin Wall begins on August 13, 1961, dividing the Soviet Sector from the American Sector of Berlin Germany.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1962

____________________________________________________________________________
October
____________________________________________________________________________
1962.10.16 / day

CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS BEGINS

The Cuban Missile Crisis begins on October 16, 1962 and continues for 13 days, ending on October 28, 1962.  This definitive Cold War confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over Soviet ballistic missiles deployed in Cuba plays out on television worldwide as the world verges toward full-scale nuclear war.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1963

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1963.08.28 / day

‘I HAVE A DREAM’ SPEECH BY DR. KING

[Doctor and Reverend] Martin Luther King Jr. calls for an end to racism in the United States by delivering the immortal words, “I Have a Dream,” from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963.  Over 250,000 people in assembly on the Mall in Washington are witnesses as they listen.

____________________________________________________________________________
November
____________________________________________________________________________
1963.11.22 / Friday

PRESIDENT KENNEDY ASSASSINATED

[US President] John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, is assassinated at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time on Friday, November 22, 1963, near Dealey Plaza, in Dallas, Texas.  Kennedy is traveling with his wife Jacqueline Kennedy, [Texas Governor] John Connally, and Connally’s wife Nellie Connally, in the presidential limousine.  [US Vice-President] LBJ is following in a newer model limousine further back in the motorcade.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1964

____________________________________________________________________________
April
____________________________________________________________________________
1964.04.22 / day

1964 NEW YORK WORLD’S FAIR OPENS

Event

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1965

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1966

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1967

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1968

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1969

____________________________________________________________________________
August
____________________________________________________________________________
1969.08.15 / day

WOODSTOCK

During a sometimes rainy weekend, 32 acts perform on an outdoor stage before an audience of 400,000 people, mostly young, in a three day ‘counter-culture’ festival at Max Yasgur’s 600-acre farm in Bethel, New York, beginning on August 15, 1969.

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1969.12.06 / day

ALTAMONT

A concert that features the Hell’s Angels beating to death a young member of the audience in front of a stage where the Rolling Stones are performing their anthem ‘Sympathy for the Devil’; ‘Woodstock Nation’ comes to an abrupt and unforeseen end.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1970

THE LAST YEAR OF REAL MONEY

• 1970 is the last year of sound money in the United states of America.
Average Income is $9,400.  Federal minimum wage is $2.10 per hour.
Cost of a new house:  $23,450.
1 lb. of coffee: $1.90
Movie ticket:  $1.55
Milk – 1 gallon:  .62
Eggs – 1 dozen:  .59
Sugar – 5 lbs.:    .39
Gasoline – 1 gallon: .36 cent
Bread – loaf:       .25
US Postage – letter: .06

____________________________________________________________________________
February
____________________________________________________________________________
1970.02.25 / day

SANTA BARBARA BANK OF AMERICA BURNS

The Bank of America branch in Isle Vista, California, near the campus of UC Santa Barbara catches fire and burns on the night of February 25, 1970.

____________________________________________________________________________
1971

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1972

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1973

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1974

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1975

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1976

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1977

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1978

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1979

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1980

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1981

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1982

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1983

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1984

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1985

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1986

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1987

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1988

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1989

____________________________________________________________________________
November
____________________________________________________________________________
1989.11.09 / day

FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL

T

____________________________________________________________________________
1990

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1991

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1992

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1993

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1994

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1995

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1996

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1997

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1998

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1999

.

____________________________________________________________________________
January

____________________________________________________________________________
February

____________________________________________________________________________
March

____________________________________________________________________________
April

____________________________________________________________________________
May

____________________________________________________________________________
June

____________________________________________________________________________
July

____________________________________________________________________________
August

____________________________________________________________________________
September

____________________________________________________________________________
October

____________________________________________________________________________
November

____________________________________________________________________________
December

____________________________________________________________________________
1900.00.00 / day

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————      
[2] 00:000 – North America – United States of America – State – County –
CityBuilding Name – 0000 direction Street WW

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————      
[2] 40:073 – North America – United States of America – New York – Kings County –
New YorkEmpire State Building – 350 Fifth Avenue

_______________________________
QalaBist.com Post #2456 – August 13, 2015

This timeline presentation was originally QalaBist.com Post #1180, created in March 2011; it has been modified and reposted on August 13, 2015 as QalaBist.com Post #2456.  The Time Node for this post is January 1, 1900. 

Teppline of Major World Events: 1900 – 1999

January 1st, 1900

Time Node:  January 1, 1900 – Major Events Timeline for the years 1900 through 1999

The following is a Teppline of Major World Events for 1900 – 1999.

The information presented is substantially correct and complete but may be updated with a later reference date.  The date version for this list is 2011.03.05.   The original version of this list was originally compiled on January 1, 2003 by Donald Clayton.

Additional Teppline of Major World Events for 2000 – 2012, 1800 – 1899 and 1700 – 1799 are either active or pending.

Material in this Teppline may include documents, maps, photographs and original research and writing from the Clayton Family Document CollectionAdditional information may be from material believed to be in the public domain, or material used pursuant to “fair use” or for educational purposes.  No copyright is claimed regarding this “Additional information”.  The Clayton Family Document Collection material herein contained in this specific Teppline is contributed to the Public Domain under the parameters of Qala Bist Blue.

Click on the “Thumbnail Images” to enlarge.  Some images may be enlarged further by clicking on the images again.

____________________________________________________________________________ Teppline of Major World Events:

1900 – 1999

____________________________________________________________________________ 1900

____________________________________________________________________________ September:

1900.09.08
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 29:094 – North America – United States of America – Texas – Galveston County
Galveston

GALVESTON HURRICANE 

Also known as the Hurricane of 1900 , the Galveston Hurricane made landfall in Galveston, Texas on September 8, 1900.  Winds were estimated to be 135 miles per hour when the storm came ashore.  On the Saffir-Simpson Scale it is listed as a Category 4 hurricane.

The death toll was estimated at between 6,000 and 12,000 people, making it the worst natural disaster (in terms of deaths) in U.S. history.  The official number of deaths is most often reported to be 8,000 people killed by the storm.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1903

____________________________________________________________________________ December:

1903.12.17
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 36:075 – North America – United States of America – North Carolina – Dare County
Kitty HawkAlbemarle Sound – Kill Devil Hills

WRIGHT BROTHERS FIRST FLIGHT 

The Wright Brothers took to the air on December 17, 1903, making two solo flights each, in a motorized aircraft taking off from level ground into a headwind gusting to as much as 27 miles per hour.

The first flight, by Orville Wright, was 120 feet in length and lasted 12 seconds.  The average speed of the flight was 6.8 miles per hour.  A photograph was taken by John T. Daniels to document the event.

The next flight, by Wilbur Wright, covered approximately 175 feet.  This flight was followed by a flight of 200 feet, by Orville Wright.  The (maximum) altitude attained in these flights was approximately 10 feet above the ground.

The fourth and final flight was measured to be 852 feet in length with the time in the air of the flight being 59 seconds.  The average speed of this flight was 9.6 miles per hour.

The aircraft was damaged during the flight and again (more severely) soon after it.  The plane never flew again.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1904

____________________________________________________________________________ May:

1904.05.04 – 1914.08.15  (10 years)
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 09:079 – North America – Panama – Panama Canal Zone
Colon – 

THE UNITED STATES BUILDING OF THE PANAMA CANAL

The United States formally took control of the Panama Canal on May 4, 1904.  Lieutenant Jatara Oneel of the United States Army received, on behalf of the United States, the keys to the numerous buildings and properties of the Compagnie Nouvelle du Canal de Panama (corporation) which owned the concession, and various valuable assets, until it was purchased by the United States for $40 million dollars on February 23, 1904.

The newly-created Panama Canal Zone Control came under the control of the Isthmian Canal Commission during canal construction.  John Findlay Wallace was elected chief engineer of the canal on May 6, 1904.

The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, signed on November 18, 1903, provided that the United States would purchase the French interests in the Panama Canal and that Panama was to receive a payment from the U.S. of $10 million dollars for control of the Panama Canal Zone, in perpetuity, and Panama would receive an annual rental payment of $250,000 annually, in perpetuity.

Construction would continue on the canal for a period of more than ten (10) years before the Panama Canal official opening on August 15, 1914.  Below is a map of the Panama Canal Zone circa 1940.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1906 ____________________________________________________________________________ April:

1906.04.18 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 37:122 – North America – United States of America – California – San Francisco County
San Francisco

SAN FRANCISCO EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE

The San Francisco earthquake measured (about) 7.9 on the Richter scale.  The earthquake and the fire that followed was one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the United States. The number of deaths probably exceeded 3,000, resulting in the greatest loss of life from a natural disaster in California history.

Brigadier General Frederick Funston (United States Army), commander of the Presidio of San Francisco, and a resident of San Francisco, tried to bring the fire under control by using black powder, dynamite and artillery shelling in an effort to create firebreaks.  The resulting damage was enormous.  Often the explosions themselves helped to spread the fire.

One landmark building lost to the fire was San Francisco’s Palace Hotel.  The Palace Hotel, also known as the Bonanza Inn was rebuilt and exists in San Francisco today.

 

Web Links:
Source #1, Palace Hotel, Google Maps link showing the Palace Hotel, Bonanza Inn (book) 1939.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1912 ____________________________________________________________________________ April:

1912.04.15 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 41:050 – Atlantic Ocean – North Atlantic Ocean
San Francisco

SINKING OF THE TITANIC

The RMS Titanic was the largest passenger steamship in the world when she sailed from Southampton, England on her maiden voyage to New York City.  Four (4) days after her April 10, 1912 departure, at 23:40 (20 minutes before midnight) on April 14, 1912 the Titanic struck an iceberg.

Two hours and 40 minutes later, at 2:20 A.M. on April 15, 1912 the RMS Titanic sank at latitude: 41° 46′ North, longitude: 50° 14′ West, with a resulting loss of 1,517 (or 1,523) lives.  It was   one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.

The wreck of the RMS Titanic was located in 1986 at latitude: 41° 43′ 32″ North, longitude: 49° 56′ 49″ West, indicating a downward movement of approximately fourteen (14) miles south and east, caused by the North Atlantic current, assuming that both coordinates are accurate.

The book A Night to Remember (1955) detailed information about the sinking, later followed by the (1958) movie of the same name.

 

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Maritime disasters, video with old photographs, A Night to Remember (1958 movie), Titanic (the 1997 movie) trailer, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1914

____________________________________________________________________________ June:

1914.06.28
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 43:018 – Europe – Serbia
Sarajevo

ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE FERDINAND

The location of the assassination of

On June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo, Serbia by Gavrilo Princip.  The assassination led directly to the start of the first World War on July 28, 1914 when Austria declared war on Serbia.  Within four months of the assassination trench warfare and the movement of armies was engulfing Europe.

By the time of the armistice of November 11, 1918, 16 million people will have died and 21 million more will have been wounded.

The site of the assassination is the Latin Bridge in Sarajevo.

Web Links:
Source #1, World War I, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation. 

____________________________________________________________________________ 1922

____________________________________________________________________________ October:

1922.10.22 – 1922.10.29  (1 week)
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 41:012 – Europe – Italy – Rome Province
Rome

MARCH ON ROME

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation. 

____________________________________________________________________________ 1927

____________________________________________________________________________ May:

1927.05.20
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 40:074 – North America – United States of America – New York – Nassau County
East Garden City
Roosevelt Field / Curtiss Field

LINDBERGH SOLO FLIGHT ACROSS THE ATLANTIC

Charles Lindberg took off on his solo flight to Paris, leaving from Roosevelt Field on Long Island, on May 20, 1927.  He arrived in Paris 33 hours and minutes later, on May 22, 1927 Paris time.

Roosevelt Field, originally named Curtiss Field, is now an American shopping mall located in East Garden City, New York.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Roosevelt Field Map (now), Roosevelt Field article, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation. 

____________________________________________________________________________ 1929

____________________________________________________________________________ October:

1929.10.24
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 40:074 – North America – United States of America – New York
New York City

STOCK MARKET CRASH OF 1929

On October 24, 1929, “Black Thursday”,  share prices on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) collapsed.  Stock prices plummeted and continued to fall dramatically for a full month.  This event soon threw the nation and the world into The Great Depression.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation. 

____________________________________________________________________________ 1932

____________________________________________________________________________ November:

1932.11.06
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 29:094 – Europe – Germany
Berlin

ADOLPH HITLER AND HIS POLITICAL PARTY TAKE CONTROL OF GERMANY THROUGH FREE ELECTIONS

On November 6, 1932 the German parliamentary election was held.  Voting resulted in a slight drop for the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSGWP) and increases for the Social Democratic Party and for the Communist Party although the National Socialists remained the largest party.

This election was the last relatively free and fair all-German election until the reunification of Germany and the election of December 1990.

Web Links:
Source #1, Election of 1932, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1937

____________________________________________________________________________ May:

1937.05.06
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 40:074 – North America – United States of America – New Jersey – Ocean County
Lakehurst
Lakehurst Naval Air Station

HINDENBURG DISASTER 

The Hindenburg disaster took place on May 6, 1937 when the dirigible LZ 129 Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyed while docking at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station near Lakehurst, New Jersey.  There were 97 people on board, including crew and passengers.  Thirty-five (35) people aboard died.  There was also one person killed on the ground.

 

 

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Video and broadcast, Google Maps, Hindenberg photographs and floor plans, Maps and historical aerial photographs of the Naval Air Station at Lakehurst.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1941

____________________________________________________________________________ December:

1941.12.07
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 21:157 – Pacific Ocean – United States of America – Hawaii – Honolulu County
HonoluluPearl Harbor Military Installations

JAPANESE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR

On December 7, 1941 the Empire of Japan attacked a number of United States military installations which had been built in the U.S. Territory of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean.  The attack would be characterized by President Roosevelt as, “a day of infamy”.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation. 

____________________________________________________________________________ 1945

____________________________________________________________________________ August:

1945.08.07
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 34:132 – Asia – Japan
Hiroshima

AMERICAN ATOMIC BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA

Hiroshima, Japan was the first city in history to be destroyed by an atomic bomb (nuclear weapon) when the B-29 Enola Gay of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic device on it at 8:15 A.M. on August 6, 1945.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1947

____________________________________________________________________________ July:

1947.07.04
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 33:105 – North America – United States of America – New Mexico – Lincoln County
CoronaFoster Ranch

THE ROSWELL INCIDENT

William W. Brazel, “Mac” Brazel to his friends, was Foreman on the Foster Ranch in Lincoln County, New Mexico.  The ranch  is said to be near Corona, New Mexico.   It’s not.  The Foster Ranch is on County Road AO44 – 6 miles due north and then 4 miles west from Capitan, New Mexico (827:648) (+).  Actually the nearest town is probably Carrizozo (New Mexico).  It is a very remote location.  For example, Trinity Site (north of Alamagordo) is only about 50 miles away and was in this year, only two years away in time.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1948

____________________________________________________________________________ May:

1948.05.14
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 32:034 – Asia – Palestine Mandate
Tel Aviv

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL

On May 14, 1948 Israel unilaterally declared its independence.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 (II) Future Government of Palestine, was adopted on November 29, 1947 by the General Assembly of the United Nations.

This United Nations resolution for the Partition of Palestine called for the withdrawal of British forces and termination of the British Mandate for Palestine by August 1, 1948.  New independent states would be established in the area of the Palestine Mandate by October 1, 1948, pursuant to the United Nations resolution.

Despite the U.N. resolution, the British Government insisted on acting on their previous declaration of September 1947 that the Mandate would end on May 14, 1948, making the U.N. declaration null and void.

The impasse created by the unilateral decisions of Great Britain led to immediate war in the region and numerous wars and conflicts ever since.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Source #3, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1955

____________________________________________________________________________ July:

1955.07.17
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 33:117 – North America – United States of America – California – Orange County
AnaheimDisneyland

DISNEYLAND OPENS

On July 17, 1955 Walt Disney officially opens Disneyland, a ‘not an amusement park, amusement park’ to several thousand specially invited guests.  The event is televised with Art Linkletter as the host in a five hour long live television production.  The public is allowed in the following day, July 18, 1955.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation. 

____________________________________________________________________________ 1956

____________________________________________________________________________ June:

1956.06.08
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 29:094 – Asia – Vietnam
Undetermined location

UNITED STATES INVOLVEMENT IN THE VIETNAM WAR

The first American soldier killed in the Vietnam War was Air Force Training Sergeant Richard B. Fitzgibbon Jr.  The U.S. Department of Defense states that he died on June 8, 1956.  His name was added to the Vietnam Veteran Memorial Wall on Memorial Day, May 31, 1999.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1957

____________________________________________________________________________ October:

1957.10.04
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 29:094 – Asia – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Kazakh
Baikonur Cosmodrome

THE LAUNCH OF SPUTNIK

History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I from Site No.1, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR.  The world’s first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball (22.8 inches in diameter) and weighed 183.9 pounds.

Sputnik took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on an elliptical path. That launch caused near panic in the United States as concerns about the U.S. scientific superiority became a catalyst for political, military, technological, and scientific reassessment in what would soon become known as the “space race”.

Sputnik was launched during the International Geophysical Year.

    (+)

  (+)

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation. 

____________________________________________________________________________ 1959
____________________________________________________________________________ August:

1959.08.21
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 21:157 – Pacific Ocean – United States of America – Hawaii – Honolulu County
HonoluluHawaii State Capitol

HAWAII STATEHOOD – 50th STATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

On August 21, 1959, Hawaii becomes the 50th state to be admitted into the Union as The Admission Act is signed into law by Dwight David Eisenhower, President of the United States.  The capital city of Hawaii is Honolulu where the Hawaii State Capitol is located.

The Royal Hawaiian Hotel opened on February 1, 1927.

Web Links:
Source #1, Admissions Act, Google Maps link showing the Royal Hawaiian Hotel.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1963

____________________________________________________________________________ November:

1963.11.22
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [2] 32:096 – North America – United States of America – Texas – Dallas County
DallasDealey Plaza

KENNEDY ASSASSINATION

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

____________________________________________________________________________ 1979

____________________________________________________________________________ December:

1979.12.24
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————       [1] 00:000 – Asia – Afghanistan
Kabul

SOVIET INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN

The invasion of Afghanistan by 50,000 military troops and special operatives of the Soviet Union (CCCP) began on December 24, 1979 under the orders of Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev.  By December 27, 1979 the majority of Kabul was occupied and Soviet tanks were guarding the streets of the Afghan capital.

On January 26, 1980 President Jimmy Carter requested that the 1980 World Olympics either be canceled or moved from being held in Moscow.  The United States did not participate in the Olympics because of the Soviet invasion.

In short order the United States began to become involved with the “Afghan Resistance” and began financing both weaponry and foreign fighters in the effort to defeat the Soviet Union in Afghanistan.  Although the Soviet Union withdrew all military forces by February 15, 1989 the war in Afghanistan, with U.S. and NATO involvement, continues to this day, nearly 32 years later.  More than 1,352 American military have died in Afghanistan.  At least 35,000 Afghan civilians have died since the United States bombing began in 2001 and in the subsequent occupation and invasion.

From 1989 until 2001 there was a ten year period of broken U.S. promises that resulted in the factionalization of Afghanistan and the rise of radical political movements and warlords.

Web Links:
Source #1, Source #2, Afghan civilian casualties, Google Maps.
The above sources are in addition to original hard-copy source material used for this compilation.

 

Teppline form for 1900 – 1999

January 1st, 1900

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1900

____________________________________________________________________________
September
____________________________________________________________________________
1900.09.08 / Saturday

The Tepp System for the presentation of information.

The following Teppline information presentation was begun on August 13, 2015.  The purpose of this presentation of information is (1) to explain how a Tepp format is constructed and why, and (2) to provide a standard form for the presentation of Teppline information.

Teppline presentations are written in the present tense, to convey the reality at the time of the entry date.   Photo captions and captions for other images may vary from this general rule.  Generally, Tepplines use a detail of resolution so that one can click on the face of a photograph or other image to enlarge.

Donald Clayton may be reached at: @CityofNikko on Twitter.

[Concept Text:  The following Teppline information presentation was originally QalaBist.com Post #1180, from March 2011; it has been modified and reposted on August 13, 2015 as QalaBist.com Post #2456.  The Time Node for this post is January 1, 1900.  The purpose of this presentation is to document and list major meme Events of the 20th Century.  In some cases Events have been included that, even though they were not perceived as being important at the time, are uncommonly important.

Teppline presentations are written in the present tense, and with location information, to convey the reality at the time of the entry date.   Photo captions and captions for other images may vary from this general rule.  Click on the “Thumbnail Images” to enlarge.  Some images may be enlarged further by clicking on the images again.

The information is derived from public information, family letters and archives, and personal recollections.   Information highlighted in red indicates information that is not necessarily certain or that needs further documentation or research.  In certain cases images are borrowed, if attribution is insufficient, efforts will be made to correct the situation.]

The following is a Teppline of Major World Events for 1900 – 1999.

The information presented is substantially correct and complete but may be updated with a later reference date.  The date version for this list is 2011.03.05.   The original version of this list was originally compiled on January 1, 2003 by Donald Clayton.

Additional Teppline of Major World Events for 2000 – 2012, 1800 – 1899 and 1700 – 1799 are either active or pending.

Material in this Teppline may include documents, maps, photographs and original research and writing from the Clayton Family Document CollectionAdditional information may be from material believed to be in the public domain, or material used pursuant to “fair use” or for educational purposes.  No copyright is claimed regarding this “Additional information”.  The Clayton Family Document Collection material herein contained in this specific Teppline is contributed to the Public Domain under the parameters of Qala Bist Blue.

Click on the “Thumbnail Images” to enlarge.  Some images may be enlarged further by clicking on the images again.

The author and owner of this website may be reached at: @CityofNikko on Twitter.

There is an additional Teppline of 19th Century Meme Events /Teppline of Major World Events for 1800 – 1899 under construction.

______________________
QalaBist.com #2454 – August 13, 2015

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1900

• Insert a brief Event description, with the specific date information, as completely as it is known, presented at the end of the first sentence: “on December 8, 1900.”  The Month, Day, Year format should be used for the written description as that is the most commonly taught, and historically used, form.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1901

• The use of red indicates that the ‘best’ information available may not be accurate.  Red may also be used to highlight information that should be researched, especially a specific date or a more definite location.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1902

• The year, when Linked, links to a Calendar of the year, for determining the day of the week that an event occurred on.  The Calendar link is also useful for determining the dates of Holidays.

____________________________________________________________________________
¤1903

• The Teppline format begins with the year that an event occurred in.  The Tepp format calls for beginning with a Line that separates one year from another.  If the only date that is known is the Year, then the information should be presented under just the year.

____________________________________________________________________________
1904

____________________________________________________________________________
May

• Often it is useful to make clear the Month that the event occurred in.  This is especially important when more than one Event occurred in the same month.  Again, a line separates the information between months.  Again, if the only date that is known is the Year and the Month, then the information should be presented under just the year and the month.

____________________________________________________________________________
1905

____________________________________________________________________________
March
____________________________________________________________________________
1905.03.04

• If the full date of an Event is known it should be presented.  The format used begins with the four digit Year, followed by a dot, followed by two digits indicating the number of the month, followed by a dot, followed by a two digit presentation for the date of the month.

This 10 space format is the most efficient and most logical presentation of time information.  It begins with the largest time unit, progressing to the smaller.  It is the system used by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Again, a line separates the information between each full date presentation.  The Month, and Full Date, Line Units should always be presented when there is more than one Event presentation in one year.  The 10 space format shown indicates “1905, March 4th.”

____________________________________________________________________________
1906

____________________________________________________________________________
May
____________________________________________________________________________
1906.05.14 / Wednesday

• Often it is useful to indicate and present the day of the week that an Event occurred on.  The Tepp format involves a space, a slash, and a space before writing in Italics the full name (not abbreviated) of the day of the week.  Many of the Tepp System conventions are to facilitate web searches with search engines.

____________________________________________________________________________
1907

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1907.12.14 / day

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————      
[2] 38:077 – North America – United States of America – District of Columbia –
Washington – 

• The fourth Line Unit in a Teppline involves the presentation of location information.   The first six digits present the Degree Unit (DU) of the area of the 64,800 possible spherographic ‘degree areas’ that the Event actually occurred in.  The information following the DU describes the location by presenting, in descending order of size, the commonly used geographic terminology.

The 1st reference is to the Continent or Ocean Area; 2nd is the Nation; 3rd is the State or other equivalent subdivision; 4th is the County; 5th (on a new line) is the City, Town, Village, or Community name.  The name of the City is always underlined to reduce confusion with the name of a County, State, River, or other location with the same name.

The location information presented should always reflect the conditions at the time of the event, not as they developed to at a later time.

As one can see from this example, the information does not always exactly fit.  Sometimes a County does not exist, sometimes the area at the time of the Event is disputed, especially as to claims made by a Nation.

The map below shows the changing county lines of Knox County, Tennessee.  The date of the Event and the community location would determine what County the Event occurred in and what County information should be presented.

____________________________________________________________________________
1908

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1908.12.14 / Wednesday

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————      
[2] 38:077 – North America – United States of America – District of Columbia –
WashingtonThe White House – 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW

• On the same line that the City is presented it is also important to present the Building Name (or Name of Business) if one exists, and the Street Address and Name if it existed and is known.  The name of the building or business should always be presented in bold.  The location direction (North, South, East, West) should be spelled out in italics, the non-cardinal directions (NE, SE, NW, SW) should be abbreviated, and in italics.

Names of locations should always be spelled out in full with proper capitalization.  Abbreviations generally should never be used.

NoteThe White House was built during the years of 1792 and 1800.  It was called The President’s House until some time after it was burned in 1814, and it began to be referred to as The White House because it was repainted white.

____________________________________________________________________________
1909

____________________________________________________________________________
December
____________________________________________________________________________
1909.12.14 / Wednesday

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————      
[2] 38:077 – North America – United States of America – District of Columbia –
WashingtonThe White House – 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW

LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION BEGINS

• Of course the Lewis and Clark Expedition did not begin in 1909, nor did it leave from The White House.  The point of the ‘All Caps’ (all capital letters) Headline is to clearly, succinctly, and truthfully summarize the Event that is briefly presented.

The length of the presentation is at the discretion of the writer (the author, the presenter).  However, the best presentation captures the Event that occurred on (or beginning) on that one day, presenting more detail in other Event entries with other appropriate dates.  The idea is to build an accurate timeline with multiple entries, not to write an essay, or a detailed summary.

If one is more inclined to write a long, or fairly long description or discussion, it is best presented as a Post.  The Post can easily be Linked from the Teppline (timeline) location.

What a Teppline is best at doing, is (1) providing specific information and basic important details that are often left out of narrative presentations, and (2) providing information on contextual events, or ‘multi-point’ events, that are relevant to, or bear on, the primary Event or Events that are the principle topic of the Teppline being created.
______________________
QalaBist.com #2454 – August 13, 2015
  

____________________________________________________________________________
1910

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1911

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1912

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1913

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1914

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1915

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1916

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1917

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1918

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1919

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1920

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1921

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1922

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1923

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1924

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1925

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1926

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1927

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1928

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1929

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1930

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1931

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1932

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1933

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1934

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1935

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1936

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1937

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1938

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1939

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1940

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1941

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1942

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1943

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1944

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1945

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1946

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1947

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1948

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1949

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1950

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1951

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1952

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1953

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1954

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1955

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1956

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1957

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1958

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1959

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1960

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1961

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1962

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1963

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1964

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1965

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1966

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1967

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1968

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1969

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1970

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1971

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1972

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1973

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1974

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1975

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1976

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1977

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1978

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1979

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1980

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1981

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1982

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1983

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1984

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1985

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1986

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1987

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1988

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1989

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1990

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1991

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1992

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1993

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1994

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1995

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1996

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1997

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1998

.

____________________________________________________________________________
1999

.

____________________________________________________________________________
January

____________________________________________________________________________
February

____________________________________________________________________________
March

____________________________________________________________________________
April

____________________________________________________________________________
May

____________________________________________________________________________
June

____________________________________________________________________________
July

____________________________________________________________________________
August

____________________________________________________________________________
September

____________________________________________________________________________
October

____________________________________________________________________________
November

____________________________________________________________________________
December

____________________________________________________________________________
1900.00.00 / day

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————      
[2] 00:000 – North America – United States of America – State – County –
CityBuilding Name – 0000 direction Street WW

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————      
[2] 40:073 – North America – United States of America – New York – Kings County –
New YorkEmpire State Building – 350 Fifth Avenue

____________________________________________________________________________
¤2001

____________________________________________________________________________
September

____________________________________________________________________________
2001.09.11 / Tuesday › EST 09:00:00

______________________
QalaBist.com #2454 – August 13, 2015